Primitive Style

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What is Definition of a primitive style oil painter ?

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a. an artist whose work does not conform to traditional, academic, or avant-garde standards of Western painting, such as a painter from an African or Oceanic civilization
b. a painter of the pre-Renaissance era in European painting
c. a painter of any era whose work appears childlike or untrained
8. a work by such an artist "

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists, 2003 by IAN CHILVERS.
Primitive. Term used with various meanings in the history and criticism of the arts. In its widest sense it is applied to art of societies outside the great Western, Near Eastern, and Oriental civilizations, even though much of it was produced by highly sophisticated peoples. Pre-Columbian art, North American Indian art, African art south of the Sahara, and Oceanic art are the main areas embraced by the term. By extension it has been applied to other fields of art that appear unsophisticated relative to some particular standard. Thus the term was once widely used of pre-Renaissance European painting, particularly of the Italian and Netherlandish schools, but this usage (as in the expression ‘the Flemish primitives’) is now much less common and no longer has derogatory implications. The term ‘primitive’ is also used more or less as a synonym for naive.

In the context of modern art the term ‘primitivism’ refers to the use by Western artists of forms or imagery derived from the art of so-called primitive peoples (in the first sense mentioned above), especially those who had been colonized by Western countries. For centuries such art was valued mainly for its ethnographic interest or (in the case of articles made from precious materials) for its monetary worth. However, in the 1890s Gauguin had tried to escape ‘the disease of civilization’ among the natives of Tahiti, and in the next generation many avant-garde artists followed his example in cultivating primitive art as a source of inspiration, finding in it a vitality and sincerity that they thought had been polished out of Western art. Usually they followed Gauguin in spirit rather than body, although Nolde and Pechstein, for example, visited Oceania. Many artists collected African works, notably Picasso, and their influence is clear in his Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. Other artists studied primitive art in museums— Henry Moore, for example, was impressed by the powerful block-like forms of Mayan sculpture he saw in the British Museum.